Preparedness for everyday and even exceptional dangerous situations should start with the individual's facts and skills, and safety arrangements at home and in the workplace.
Good preparedness should prevent dangerous situations, take into account any irregularities in normal conditions and prepare people for any exceptional conditions.
Individuals are in a more and more important role in modern society when it comes to proper preparedness and transfer of information.
The Finnish National Rescue Association's objective is to make people more aware of the importance of being prepared for various eventualities and taking the necessary steps. By developing people's preparedness and civil defence methods, you can, for example, make it easier for people to get into safety inside their homes or somewhere else indoors.
Household preparedness in Finland - Research
The Finnish National Rescue Association, as part of The Committee for Home Emergency Preparedness (KOVA), has conducted a study on household preparedness in Finland.
The study analyzed survey data (sample size 1000) from population in Finland and their views on the current state of household preparedness. The one main question was to what extent are households prepared for disasters.
Key findings indicate that more than half of the respondents identify an oil spill in the Baltic Sea, a terrorist attack, or a cyberattack as likely to occur during their lifespan. Most of the threats are not familiar to the households (no own experience) such as fire, power outage, or a disruption in the water supply. Among the households questioned, less than half consciously take preparedness actions. However, most respondents know how to prepare even if they do not do so. This indicates a level of high self-efficacy among households.
The study found that the levels of preparedness differ between rural and urban areas. Rural households are more likely to be prepared for threats such as a power outage or storm. In contrast, urban dwellers do not see disasters as likely to happen and do not take preparedness actions as often as rural residents do.
Almost all the households (90 %) could cope for at least 72-hours with their own food supplies. First aid courses and fire-extinguisher training were found to be the most common emergency-related training programs in the past two years. Attending disaster preparedness training (6 %) is rare in Finland.
One of the key findings indicates a high level of willingness to help others (e.g. family, neighbors, NGO, authorities) among households. If requested, 93 % of survey respondents would also be ready to take part in volunteer work during a disaster. In the event of a disaster, most respondents would primarily rely on family ties and not so much on authorities. However, assistance from authorities is more expected by elderly people.
Over all, most Finns trust the capacity of authorities to handle disruptions (e.g. a power outage), and most Finns highly support the public system, which maintains the national security of supply (Huoltovarmuus).
You can find the study here (in Finnish).